Behind the scenes adventures of the most famous sculpture in the world (part 1)
If we were to choose a work as a symbol in any country, the Statue of Liberty would definitely be chosen in the United States. This giant statue is one of the most important tourist attractions in New York and has 40 million annual visitors. Its full name is “Liberty Brightens the World” and is a joint product of France and the United States. The statue commemorates the beginning of democracy in the United States and is located on an island called Bodloe, which was renamed “Liberty” following the statue’s fame. Because the Statue of Liberty had a lighthouse-like function, it was initially blamed on the American Lighthouse Board. In 1901, however, it was handed over to the War Unit, and in 1923, it became part of the Regional National Park.
This 46-meter statue is placed on a pedestal of similar height and weighs 225 tons. To reach the statue, the elevator takes you to the end of the base. After that, you can climb the spiral staircase to the crown and from a height of 90 meters; you can see New York and Manhattan. This valuable statue was inscribed on the US National Heritage List in 1924 and on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1984.
Ask people for help to build a statue!
In the 1860s, when the American Civil War ended, a French historian named Eduard de Laboulaye proposed the construction of the statue. In this way, France wanted to congratulate the United States on achieving democracy. Famous sculptor Frederic Augusta Bartholdi, known for his gigantic sculptures, is selected for the job.
It was to be unveiled at the centenary of the United States Declaration of Independence in 1876. France built the statue and America built the base on which the statue was placed. In this way, in addition to honoring liberty and democracy, the two countries celebrated their friendly relations. However, due to the high cost of production, the project did not begin until 1875.
The United States relied on public assistance to raise the necessary funds. Joseph Pulitzer, a well-known American journalist named after the Pulitzer Prize, invited people to collaborate with The World. Eventually, the necessary funding was raised, and Richard Morris Hunt designed and built the base of the sculpture. The base was built on the site of a fortress left over from World War II. Of course, this military unit was assembled in 1937 and the whole space belonged to the statue.