Introducing the strange and ancient temples of the Maya (part2)
Copan is located in western Honduras and was a relatively small town among the Mayan cities, known for its outstanding collection of portraits of Stella. Decorations of Stella’s face and other sculptures on the Copan buildings are some of the finest surviving art in ancient Central America. Some of the stone structures in Copan date back to the 9th century BC. In the 5th century, with a population of more than 20,000, the city became one of the most important Mayan sites, but a few centuries later, it was mysteriously abandoned and deserted. The highest point in Copan is the ancient Mayan temple, now known as Temple 16, which is 30 meters higher than the gate of the Plaza.
Tulum is on the east coast of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico. This port was once used as the main port of the city of Maya in Cuba. Tulum was built around 1200 AD, at a time when the Maya civilization was in decline, and therefore, this temple does not have the elegance that we see in other famous Mayan buildings. However, having a beautiful beach in the tropics has made Tulum a unique Mayan place not to be missed. Even if we cannot go on a long journey to see all this glory; At least in virtual tourism, we can enjoy the beauties of the region and this magnificent monument.
Calakmul is a Mayan place hidden in the forests of the Mexican state of Competa. It is one of the largest Mayan cities ever discovered, with more than 6,500 ancient structures identified. Calakmul, 55 meters high, is the largest structure ever discovered at the site. Like many ancient Maya temples, the size of the Pyramid of Calakmul increased with the construction of another ancient temple to its present size.
Palenque is on the western edge of the Maya Empire in the present-day state of Chiapas in Mexico. Palenque is much smaller than some of Maya’s neighboring cities, but it has some of the best architecture and sculpture that the Maya have ever made. Most of the structures discovered in Palenque, including the Temple of Inscriptions – the only pyramid in Central America – built as a monument, date to around 600 to 800 AD.
Uxmal in the Mayan language means “three times built” and is one of the best-preserved Mayan sites in Mexico, known as the tallest structure with a height of about 35 meters, known as the Wizard’s Pyramid. Unlike the other rectangular or square layers of the Mayan pyramids, the pyramidal layers of this temple are oval. It seems that this pyramid was built in five steps. The construction of this pyramid began in the sixth century and continued in different and intermittent periods, until the 10th century.
Located in the rainforests of the lowlands of northern Guatemala, Tikal is perhaps the most stunning place the Maya have ever created. Although rebuilt buildings can be seen around the area, many other destroyed buildings are still hidden in the forest. Between 200 and 900 AD, Tikal was the largest city of the Maya, with an estimated population of 100,000 to 200,000. Tikal consists of six very large pyramidal temples, the largest of which is the Fourth Pyramid Temple, about 72 meters high, and its construction was completed around 720 AD. Climb the heights of these ancient Mayan temples. Great experience with beautiful views and panoramic views from the top of the trees in the eyes of tourists.
El Castillo is a well-known name for one of the most spectacular Mayan temples in the ancient region of Chichen Itza. The design of this temple is of special astronomical and astronomical importance. Each side of the pyramid has a staircase of 91 steps, which together with the common steps at the top of the pyramid; make up 356, i.e. the number of days in the year.
Climbing to El Castillo was banned after falling and the death of a visitor in 2006.